The VW Karmann Ghia Buying Guide – A Beetle with Italian styling

Combining Italian styling with German engineering, the VW Karmann Ghia has all the ingredients for a long and fulfilling classic car relationship.

Back in the 1950s, German coachbuilder Karmann was involved in the manufacturing of the drop-top Beetle, and realising the versatility of the platform they approached VW with a proposal for a sports car they had codeveloped with Ghia. The project soon got the green light and in 1955 the Luigi Segre-styled Type 14 Karmann Ghia was launched.

The public immediately took a liking to these beautiful cars. The Beetle underpinnings meant that they were more cruiser than racer, but continual development and incremental refinement ensured that the Karmann Ghia remained popular throughout its production run.

 

Some of the more notable changes included the 12volt electrical system from 1967-on and independent rear suspension on all 1969 and newer models. There were a whole host of styling changes that divide Karmann Ghia fans about which years looked best.

1961 saw the introduction of the Type 34 Karmann Ghia (below), a larger car styled by Sergio Sartorelli and based on the Type 3 VW chassis. It offered more modern suspension and luxury extras such as an electric sunroof and plusher interior trim. It model was sold alongside the original Karmann as a more luxurious alternative, but higher pricing and no US sales limited uptake, and it was less successful than the original versions, ending production in 1969 with around 42,000 units built.

In all, there were approximately 444,000 Karmann Ghias produced in total, and thanks to the wide availability of parts and the popularity of the cars themselves there are still a fair few around todayBecoming a member of a Karmann Ghia owners’ club is an excellent way to get access to a whole host of information on the cars themselves as well as the best places to source parts and trim.

Karmann Ghia Engines and Gearbox

Mechanically the Type 14 Ghias are essentially a Beetle underneath. This means reasonably-priced parts and good availability. The engines range between 1.2 and 1.6-litres; all are flat-fours and leave oil on the driveway just like any healthy Beetle would.

Regular oil changes are a must and owners get around 100,000-miles out of well-maintained motors before a rebuild is required. Overheating is the number one killer here so check fan belts and oil coolers. Modified carbs, upgraded manifolds and rebored engines are common.
Shared with the VW Beetle, the gearboxes are tough and 1961-on received synchromesh on all forward gears. A semi-automatic three-speed became available from 1968-on. Parts are easy to come by and the low power and torque outputs mean that clutches last a long time between changes. Check for rattling in neutral as this can indicate worn bearings.
Suspension and brakes

Its all about the model year with Ghias: early cars had drums all-round, with post 67 Type 14s getting front discs. A semi-trailing arm rear suspension replaced the swing axles in 1969, which is worth knowing if you are looking for a sweeter-handling variant or just want an original example. Check the tyres for uneven wear as this can indicate worn suspension components.

Karmann Ghia Bodywork

A Ghia’s bodywork is where you should focus your attentions when assessing the viability of a purchase. Rust or damage on a number of panels may make it financially unrealistic to restore a car due to the cost of the parts as well as labour required to effect the repairs. Check thoroughly around the following areas for rust:

Sill/rocker panels, which are especially important on convertibles as strengthening beams run through this area providing structural integrity. These parts were once impossible to get but can now be sourced again so rust here is not as terminal an issue as it used to be.

Check the rear boot lid, spare tyre well and around the battery where spilt acid can cause corrosion over timeThe single-piece nose cones can be prohibitively expensive to replace or repair so check for signs of accident damage.

Karmann Ghia Interior

A shoddy interior on an otherwise sound Type 14 should not dissuade you from making a purchase. Trim is readily available and entire retrims are far less costly than extensive body or mechanical work.

Type 34 Karmann Ghias were based on the newer Type 3 chassis and are mechanically identical to other Type 3 chassis cars, which included the 1500cc and 1600cc Notchback and Fastback VWs of that era. The Type 34 has unique interior trim and bodywork compared to other VW models, and parts are slightly harder to source due to the lower production numbers.

Model History of the Karmann Ghia

1955: Type 14 Karmann Ghia launched in Coupé body style only available in LHD

1957: Convertible model launched in LHD

1959: Both Coupé and Convertible models now available in RHD. Dashboard is padded for enhanced safety

1960: Headlight height raised and taillights enlarged to meet new regulations

1961: Type 34 Karmann Ghia Coupé with 1500cc engine is offered alongside existing Type 14

1962: Electric sunroof option introduced on Type 34 in LHD models only

1964: RHD Type 34 models now also offered with sunroof option

1966: 1300cc engine available for one year of production for Type 14

1967: 1500cc engine standard across all Karmann Ghias, as well as front disc brakes. Three-speed semi-automatic gearbox introduced

1969: Type 34 production ends with 42,498 cars made. Type 14 receives updated suspension

1970: 1600cc engine introduced and bumpers are redesigned. Convertibles get glass rear window

1974: Type 14 production ends with 444,300 vehicles made

Which Karmann Ghia To Buy

If you are looking for speed then this is not the car for you: the Beetle-based underpinnings even in 1.6-litre form provide leisurely acceleration at best. What this car is about is stylish transport, enjoyed at a more relaxed pace.

From a practical standpoint, Type 14 Ghias built in the 1960 and 1967 model years had a lot of bespoke parts unique to those years of manufacture, so make sure that if you buy one of these models, they are in as complete a condition as possible. Cars built up until the end of 1959 are called low light models due to their different head and taillight designs and are much rarer than the latter cars. Convertibles from this era are arguably the most collectible.

Modified Ghias are quite common with many owners having upgraded engines and suspension components. This can enhance the driving experience if you arent too bothered about originality. Body panels are expensive, and rust is a big issue so be careful when looking at potential restoration projects.

Values have been rising over the past decade and will most likely continue to do so,. Still, not all cars have been well-cared for so do your homework before committing. You can afford to be selective as there are still plenty of them out there.

The Karmann Ghias recipe of affordable mechanicals covered with beautiful body panels is just the thing to ensure its enduring popularity. Buy right and it can be all the classic car you will ever need.

VW Karmann Ghia Specifications

1.2-litre flat-four

Power: 34bhp

Top speed: 75mph

0-60mph: 27sec

Economy: 36mpg est.

1.3-litre flat-four

Power: 39bhp

Top speed: 80mph

0-60mph: 25sec

Economy: 35mpg est.

1.5-litre flat-four

Power: 53bhp

Top speed: 90mph

0-60mph: 22sec

Economy: 35mpg est.

1.6-litre flat-four

Power: 60bhp

Top speed: 93mph

0-60mph: 20sec

Economy: 32mpg est.

Words John Tallodi  Photos Volkswagen

Related Posts

The Porsche 930 Buying Guide – The 911 that changed the sportscar game forever

The Porsche 930 is the first-ever turbocharged 911and it is a characterful sports car that still has plenty of old school thrills to offer. Continue reading The Porsche 930 Buying Guide – The 911 that changed the sportscar game forever

The Porsche 356 profile

The Porsche 356 is one of the most popular Porsche models of all-time but if you want to fulfil the dream of owning the grandfather of all Porsche, its worth doing your homework first. Continue reading The Porsche 356 profile

Citroen BX 6

CITROËN BX Profile – A FRENCHMAN WITH CHARACTER

Whenever Citroën designed a new type of car, something unusual came out of it. This was the case with the “gangster” limousine 11 CV Traction Avant, the “goddess” DS 21 and the futuristic Maserati sprout SM. And so the new Citroën BX is sure to surprise. Continue reading CITROËN BX Profile – A FRENCHMAN WITH CHARACTER